Sale 742



 
Lot 256

/o

Italian States: Sardinia, Comprehensive Collection of Cavallini Letter Sheets, 1819-49.

The "Cavallini" have acquired both a mythical and romantic aura in the annals of postal history and are considered to be one of the precursors of worldwide postal stationery. In actual fact, the Cavallini letter sheets were introduced in the Kingdom of Sardinia as a fiscal rather than postal measure. In the early nineteen century, there were three forms of transmission of domestic mail within Sardinia. These consisted of official or government mail, usually indicated by free frank markings, mail sent through the state postal service, with the fees usually paid by the recipient, and private mail carried by messenger or courier service. Although this last method of communication provided a quicker or more efficient service, it was cumbersome for the public, since fees had to be paid both at the post office and to the courier or messenger service. The sale of the stamped Cavallini letter sheets simplified this process, while also protecting the state's monopoly on revenue for written communication through the collection of fees for their sale to the public.

The Cavallini letter sheets were made readily available to the public, having been sold not only at the post office, but also at local tobacco shops throughout the island. This letter paper had three handstamped (first issue) or embossed (second issue) denominations, based on the distance of sending of the letter. The motif of the stamped design consisted of a cherub with a posthorn riding a striding "Giara" pony, a wild horse breed native to the island of Sardinia. All communications sent by private or messenger service were required to be sent on these letter sheets, which consisted of the double size of a simple sheet of paper, and, therefore, could be conveniently folded for mailing, with one sheet to be used as the message portion and the other for the outer (address) covering.

The following official printed documents relating to the issue of the Cavallini and published by the Royal Printing Bureau are included in the collection, and the Italian versions are represented by numerous copies. The official French version, which is quite rare, was published for the inhabitants of Savoy and the Comté de Nice.

•    Regie Patenti Con cui S.M. aggiunge alcune facilità a quelle accordate coll' Editto delli 12 agosto scorso, pel trasporto delle corrispondenze del Pubblico per mezzi estranei alla Posta; stabilisce l'uso di una Carta denominate "Carta Postale-Bollata", e dà alter provvidenze relative.
In data delli 7 novembre 1818. Torino, dalla Stamperia Reale.

This patent established the issuance of stamped paper to replace post office handstamps applied to mail transmitted privately, the three denominations to be used, their purpose/rates, and the regulations applying to this system.
Three original published copies.

•    Lettres-Patentes par lesquelles S.M. accorde quelques facilités, outres celles portées par son Edit du 12 août dernier, pour le transports des letters du public par des voies étrangères à la Poste; établit l'usage d'un papier timbre, et donne quelques autres dispositions à cet égard.
En date du 7 novembre 1818. Chambéry, Imprimeur du Roi.

One original published copy.
The French version of the "Regie Patenti…"

•    Manifesto Camerale Portante notificanza che la Carta Postale-bollata, stabilata colle Regie Patenti delle 7 dello scorso novembre, sarà provvisionalmente posta in corso non filigranata; della dimensione ordinaria della Carta cosi detta da Lettere, e munita dei bolli relativi alle tre qualità della medesima pienamente conformi agli impronti ivi delineati.
In data delli 3 dicembre 1818. Torino, dalla Stamperia Reale.

This notice confirmed the issue of three letter sheets of different values, provisionally on regular unwatermarked paper, and then later on special watermarked paper.
Seven original published copies.
The back page of each copy contains original impressions of the three stamped values in blue ("Modelli de' Bolli").

•    Manifeste de la Royale Chambre des Comptes par lequel elle notifie au Public que le papier timbre de Poste établi par les Royales Patentes du 7 novembre dernier sera provisoirement mis en usage sans filigrane, de la dimension ordinaire du papier dit à lettres, et revêtu des timbres rélatifs aux trios qualités de papier absolument conformes aux empreintes, qui y sont figurées.
En date du 3 décembre 1818. Turin, de l'Imprimerie Royale.

One original published copy.
The back page contains original impressions of the three stamped values in blue ("Modèles des Timbres").
The French version of the "Manifesto Camerale…"

•    Manifesto Camerale Portante notificanza che la distribuzione dell'attuale Carta Postale bollata provvisionale cesserà con tutto dicembre prossimo; e che comincierà Alberto Diena aver luogo dal primo gennajo 1820 la distribuzione della Carta postale filigranata bollata a secco, con alcune provvidenze relative.
In data delli 13 novembre 1819. Torino, dalla Stamperia Reale.

This notice called for the cessation of the 1819 first handstamped (provisional) issue and provided an extended usage date and the method of exchanging these for the new embossed (definitive) issue on special watermarked paper. It confirmed the three new definitive values to be issued on January 1, 1820.
Six original published copies.
The fourth page of each copy contains original impressions of the three colorless embossed values ("Modelli de' Bolli").

1819 (1 January - 31 December) Cavallini Provisional Handstamps in Blue

Although this provisional issue was only to be valid for a year, its use was tolerated until the end of January 1820. It was then withdrawn and superseded by the definitive embossed stamped letter sheets. After the end of the provisional period, the letter sheets could be exchanged for the definitive embossed issue. However, these letter sheets were used into 1836.

The Cavallini horseman designs were printed on double sheets (approximately 385 x 245 mm). Most of the surviving unused letter sheets are on single or slightly larger (1½ times) sheets, unless otherwise stated.

The collection contains the following letter sheets :

•    15 centesimi
Unused - 2 letter sheets.
Used within proper period - 1819 (Sept.) entire letter (380 x 245 mm, double letter sheet) from Turin to Pont San Martino, splitting along joins, signed Alberto Diena and G. Bolaffi.
Wrong (misdated) or impossible date - 1818 (Mar. 9) entire letter from Tuggia to Triore, on watermarked paper.
Late dates of use - 1829-49 entires or entire letters (4), two are on watermarked paper.

•    25 centesimi
Unused - 6 letter sheets, one signed Alberto Diena, some of doubtful status.
Late date of use - 1820 (July 13) entire letter (382 x 250 mm, double letter sheet) from Turin to Salzo, with 1972 Giulio Bolaffi certificate.
Late date of use - 1823 (Oct. 7) printed prices current and message on entire letter (double letter sheet) from London to Vigevano via Calais and Milan, thin paper with "W Weatherley/1822" watermark, status doubtful.
Later dates of use - 1824-49 entires or entire letters (4).
Reference - 1819 (Dec. 19) entire letter from Diano to Paris, forged Cavallini 25c handstamp.

•    50 centesimi
Unused - 8 letter sheets, one signed E(milio) Diena, four are on watermarked paper (all expertized: one signed Alberto Diena, one with 1999 Newiger certificate, and the other two with 2005 Sismondo certificates).
Used within proper period - 1819 (Feb. 4) entire letter (405 x 263 mm, double letter sheet) from Genova to San Stefano, not expertized.
Remainder usages - 1820 (May 20) folded official letter sheet (393 x 260 mm) with printed "Amministrazione delle Regie Poste" of Genova, message and 50c stamped impression on inside, from Genova to Loano, signed ED (Emilio Diena).
Remainder usages - 1823 (c.) folded official letter sheet (1+ page) with printed "Amministrazione delle Regie Poste" of Genova and 50c stamped impression on inside, from Turin to Strambino.
Later dates of use - 1828-45 entires or entire letters (3).
Reference - 1819 (Dec. 19) entire letter from Diano to Paris, forged Cavallini 50c handstamp.

1820 (Jan. 1) Cavallini Definitive Issue with Colorless Embossing

These letter sheets were again issued as double sheets on watermarked paper to be folded in the form of covers. The paper has the watermark of the Arms of Savoy and the inscription of authorization of the Directorate General of the Posts. Most of the surviving unused letter sheets contain only half sheets.

This issue remained in use through the end of 1837, though the Postal Decree of March 30, 1836 detailed the cessation of the Cavallini and the handling of private mails, mail matter where there was no post office, and local mail sent within the district of the same town. In future, these privileges would not be taxed by the government, thereby ending the state monopoly over collecting revenue from such communications. As such, there was no longer a need for the Cavallini. The subsequent Postal Circular of June 2, 1836, laid out the instructions for the return of any unused letter sheets, which the general public could return at the end of the month and receive full reimbursement.

The collection contains the following letter sheets :

•    15 centesimi
Unused - 4 half or 1½ (page) letter sheets, one signed Alberto Diena.
Used - 1820 (Feb. 23) entire letter (397 x 270 mm, double letter sheet) from Zoagli to Genoa, early usage.
Used - 1820 (May 17) entire letter (double letter sheet) from Pomparato to Genoa, first year usage, part of address crossed out, signed Alberto Diena.
Used - 1822 (Sept. 11) entire letter (397 x 270 mm, double letter sheet) from Siniscola to Turin, with A. Bolaffi handstamp guarantee.
Used - 1822-29 entires or entire letters (5), one signed Alberto Diena.
Reference - Unused double letter sheet, embossing partly applied over watermark, status unknown.
Reference - Unused double letter sheet, embossing applied over watermark, and six pointed star in watermark, forgery.
Reference - 2 unused single letter sheets, small and large six pointed star in watermark, forgery.

•    25 centesimi
Unused - 18 (approximately) half letter sheets, one signed ED (Emilio Diena) and another signed Alberto Diena with 2005 Sismondo certificate, a number may be of doubtful status.
Used - 1822 (June 22) entire letter (394 x 258 mm, double letter sheet) from Revello to Bene, signed Alberto Diena and with 2018 Helmut Avi certificate.
Used - 1832 (July 3) entire letter (395 x 255 mm, double letter sheet) from Carmagnola to Turin, signed Alberto Diena.
Used - 1825 (Oct. 12) entire letter (397 x 260 mm, double letter sheet) from Ovada to Genova, signed Alberto Diena.
Reference - 2 unused single or half letter sheets, both with small six pointed star in watermark, forgery.

•    50 centesimi
Unused - 8 half letter sheets, one signed Alberto Diena and with 2005 Sismondo certificate, some may be of doubtful status.
Used - 1828 (Dec. 29) entire (single letter sheet) from Spezia to Turin, also showing "Spezia" handstamp + "Dice 29" datestamp, both in red, signed Alberto Diena.
Remainder usages - 1838 (Sept. 17) folded double letter sheet (395 x 255 mm) with printed "Amministrazione delle Regie Poste" of Genova and written message on inside, embossed impression of Cavallini 50c and "Genova/17 Set" unframed datestamp adjacent, with manuscript tax marking.
Reference - 2 unused half letter sheets, small and large six pointed star in watermark, forgery.
Reference - Unused double letter sheet, large six pointed star in watermark, forgery.

•    Collateral
Included are various cut-outs, reprints, forgeries and some presumed genuine, a couple of articles and an F.R. Ferryman (New York) auction catalogue of Jan. 26-27, 1954.

There is also a correspondence of folded letters (half sheets) addressed to the Minister of the Interior in Turin showing embossed 15c, 25c and 50c, all with "Finale" handstamps, three have small or large star in watermark and the other has embossing applied over the Arms of the watermark. Shipping charges apply - weight 12.2 lbs.
Estimate $35,000 - 50,000.

Unsold



 
Lot 9

//o

U.S., Great Regular Issues Collection, 1847-1958. In a Lindner hingeless album, an excellent offering of First Issue through Liberty Series; earlies strong, with #1 (two pairs, one on piece, one on cover), a gorgeous #2, #3-4, 7, 8, 8A, 9, 28, 37, 39, 76, 70b, 83, 85B, 85E, 92-101, etc., wonderful array of cancels (c.d.s.'s, Fancies, accountancy marks, even what appears to be a Japanese bota on #134), several double transfers noted, near-complete Continental and American Bank Notes, 1902 Series complete, with most later material (including Kansas-Nebraskas) mint or never hinged—there's even a cover front to Germany franked #67 and 68; fresh looking throughout with tremendous catalogue value, Fine to Very Fine with better, be sure to view online, where this is imaged in full. Shipping charges apply - weight 5 lbs.
Scott $88,000+ Estimate $20,000 - 25,000.

Realized $21,600



 
Lot 8



U.S., Fabulous Exhibition-Quality Collection of Coils, 1908-85. An amazingly diverse holding, with many scarce and desirable items, with particular strength in paste-up pairs (many with plate numbers), leader and trailer strips (including rare pieces), regular and line pairs, color varieties, perforation errors including imperforate and transitional strips, miscuts showing partial plate numbers, splices, never hinged precancels, etc.; collection also includes on-cover examples, test coils, a separate Prexie coil plate number study, and several literature volumes; singles, pairs and line pairs/strips include items with plate number and star, private perforations (USAV, Brinkerhoff Type II), etc.; numerous paste-ups (including with Schermack perforations); splice strips of four; leaders and trailers; and much, much more, including a nearly complete collection of 1981-95 Transportation Coils with virtually all better plates present; numerous certificates (for both good stamps and "doctored"—the latter not counted in our catalogue value or estimate) accompany, Very Fine, be sure to wrap your head around this one. Shipping charges apply - weight 9 lbs.
Scott $53,000 Estimate $20,000 - 25,000.

Realized $12,600



 
Lot 140



U.S., Monumental Collection of Bisects Used on Cover, 1857-1947. With nearly 400 covers in total, this is a tremendous collection—no matter how you slice it. Including many scarce, valuable, and exhibition-worthy items spanning both 19th and 20th Century issues, this is surely one of the most extensive holdings of these uncommon items as you will ever see.

19th Century covers—all listed here accompanied by certificates—include (bisect type given in parentheses):

•     #24 diagonally torn (appears bisect) with two normal tied on Valentine cover
•     #65 diagonal on 1898 cover with "Due 2c" in pencil and #279B (damaged) used as Postage Due on back (unaccepted bisect, probably philatelically inspired)
•     #222 diagonal tied on 1894 cover with two different "HELD FOR POSTAGE" handstamps, #220 used as Postage Due
•     Matched set of #222 diagonal (two 1898 covers, each with half of the same stamp), sent from the same person to the same addressee (one with certificate)
•     #226 diagonal on cover to Sierra Leone from New York with appropriate backstamps—a scarce use of this high denomination
•     #233 diagonal on 1897 cover
•     #267 diagonal on wrapper paying the 1¢ circular rate•     Two 1901 covers from same source & post office: #279B diagonal and #280 bottom plate number single diagonal
•     #301 vertical tied on 1904 advertising cover by St. Louis World's Fair straightline cancel
•     #304 diagonal tied on small cover with Bryn Mawr, PA c.d.s., an unusual and scarce usage
•     #324 vertical tied on early 1904 cover, very fine andscarce
•     #329 diagonal paying the 1¢ postcard rate
•     #367 diagonal with normal #331 tied on Feb. 13, 1909 cover (2nd day of issue), very fine and choice usage

20th Century covers, nearly all with certificates, are no less impressive, with regular issues and commemoratives, Airs, Special Deliveries and Parcel Posts all represented. Highlights include:
•     #416 diagonal tied on 1913 cover, a scarce usage of this 10¢ high denomination (certificate)
•     #472 diagonal tied on 1917 cover with "Postage due 2 cents" handstamp, probably philatelic but scarce usage of this 10¢ high denomination (certificate)
•     #499 vertical tied on small mourning cover, stamp with private "ONE I ONE" hand-typed "overprint" applied, interesting usage
•     #503 diagonal tied on 1920 cover with sender's handwritten note "No two's or one's on hand" (certificate)
•     #506 bottom plate number single diagonal with normal #482 tied on 1919 cover, a wonderful and scarce bisect usage of this relatively high denomination (certificate)
•     #548 Pilgrim Tercentenary pair with one stamp vertically bisected, tied on June 2, 1935 cover, paying the new (as of April 15, 1925) 3rd class rate
•     #552 vertical on uprated albino envelope, with "FIRST DAY COVER" handstamp, interesting and scarce usage on the first day of the new 3rd class rate (Apr. 15, 1925)
•     #558 block of 4 with gorgeous color diagonally bisected and tied on 1923 cover, philatelic usage but scarce and attractive
•     #563 diagonal "tied" by penciled "OK PM" with 1930 New York City c.d.s., a scarce authorized usage for this high denomination (certificate)
•     #576 line block of 4 diagonally bisected and tied on 1928 cover, interesting usage
•     #599 pair with one stamp diagonally torn ("bisected"), tied on 1926 cover with a late usage of the "Held for Postage" handstamp (certificate)
•     #599A pair with one stamp diagonally bisected tied on 1929 cover, a very scarce usage (certificate)
•     #604 two bisected line pairs (joined vertical halves) tied on 1932 philatelic cover
•     #611 Harding pair with one stamp diagonally bisected tied on 1925 cover
•     #611 Harding diagonally bisected vertical pair tied on 1926 cover, philatelic but scarce and striking usage
•     #615 Huguenot-Walloon vertical tied on 1924 postcard to Canada (certificate)
•     #616 Huguenot-Walloon diagonal tied on 1926 cover, very scarce usage (certificate)
•     #642 pair with full horizontal gutter with each stamp diagonally bisected (the second half of one of the stamps has been affixed to appear complete) with normal #636 and #637, no #642 pairs with horizontal gutter have been reported, certainly a unique usage and probably a unique gutter example, exhibition piece (certificate)
•     #650 Aeronautics diagonal tied on 1929 cover (certificate)
•     #660 Kansas vertical tied on 1930 cover with normal #634
•     #730 Century of Progress souvenir sheet block of 6 diagonally bisected and tied on 1933 philatelic cover (very scarce usage)
•     #740 National Parks tied on reverse of Special Delivery cover by indistinct 1935 R.P.O. c.d.s., probably used as a label to seal the envelope, but nonetheless a very scarce bisect usage
•     #751 National Parks full souvenir sheet diagonally bisected and tied on 1936 cover, scarce and choice
•     #778 Philatelic Exhibition full souvenir sheet diagonally bisected and tied on commercial 1936 First Day Cover, philatelic but scarce usage
•     #797 National Parks full souvenir sheet diagonally bisected and tied on 1935 cover to Valdres, Norway, with proper receiving c.d.s. on reverse, very scarce usage (certificate)
•     #815 10c Prexie diagonal tied on 1940 cover to Paris, France, paying the 5¢ surface rate, scarce usage of this high denomination
•     #820 15¢ Prexie diagonal tied on 1945 cover with A.P.O. 1160 (Chungking, China) c.d.s. and straightline cancel, with penned note next to stamp "No other postage available", wonderful and scarce usage of this high denomination (certificate)
•     #825 20¢ Prexie vertical with penned "10 cts" on stamp, used with 1¢ and 2¢ Postage Dues with penned "13 cents" across them, endorsed by Postmaster, used to pay the Special Delivery fee, with Spring Hill, TN Nov. 11, 1942 c.d.s. and killer, with "Postage Due [3] cents" handstamp despite authorization, a wonderful usage of this high denomination (certificate)
•     Set of five covers with bisects of 1940s stamps, each cover signed by Postmaster, including additional penned comments in some cases such as "Out of 1c stamps P.M.", plus a 1945 enclosure from the Spring Hill, TN Postmaster (J.W. Howard) explaining the reason for, and his authorization of, bisect usages during the period; fascinating material providing rare documented insight into Postmaster exception allowances for bisects
•     #948a 5¢ bisect from 1947 Centenary souvenir sheet used with normal #947 and #C31, tied on First Flight Cover to Tokyo
•     Matched set of #C7 vertical (two covers, each with half of the same stamp) sent from different post offices on the same day Aug. 1, 1928 (first day of the new 5¢ Airmail rate), one with "Postage Due [10¢]" handstamp which was apparently ignored, a great pair of covers
•     #C8 diagonal tied on 1929 cover, scarce usage of this high denomination
•     #C9 diagonal tied on 1926 cover with "Lindbergh Again Flies The Air Mail" handstamps in blue and purple, very scarce usage of this high denomination
•     #C10 diagonal bisect paying the 5¢ Airmail rate tied on 1932 cover with "Returned for Postage", "Unknown Sender" and "This Is The Mail For Which You Sent Postage" auxiliary handstamps
•     #C17 vertical applied on 1935 business reply envelope as provisional Postage Due, with reference article and APEX note included, interesting and scarce usage (certificate)
•     #C21 diagonal used with normal example and tied on 1937 cover sent from Guam to New Jersey via Macau and signed by Guam Postmaster, a wonderful and scarce usage of this high denomination (certificate)
•     #CE2 vertical torn bisect tied on 1943 cover with purple Special Delivery handstamp and typed "AIRMAIL - SPECIAL DELIVERY"
•     Matched set of #E14 torn vertical bisects (two 1932 covers, each with half of the same stamp along with normal #707) where apparently the recipient of the first letter sent a response letter using the second half of the same stamp, one cover sent from an R.P.O., interesting pair of covers and rare usage of this Special Delivery stamp
•     #Q1 vertical used along with a normal #581 to pay the new 3rd class rate of 1½¢ (which had gone into effect three weeks earlier on April 15, 1925), interesting and rare use of the 1¢ Parcel Post stamp (certificate)
•     Matched set of #Q4 perfin diagonal bisects (two 1920 local drop rate covers, each with half of the same stamp), fascinating use (each with certificate)
•     #QE1b diagonal used on 1942 cover along with normal 1¢ Postage Due, very scarce unauthorized usage (certificate)
•     DWI #18c tied on partial cover with St. Thomas, DWI Jan. 23, 1903 c.d.s.

The collection also includes a study of some 30 covers showing #552 and other period stamps bisected on cover and used from various post offices shortly after the new 1½¢ rate went into effect on April 15, 1925, along with many additional covers.

A remarkable holding not likely to be duplicated. Shipping charges apply - weight 7.2 lbs.
Scott $51,000 Estimate $20,000 - 25,000.

Realized $9,000



 
Lot 266



Italian Occupation of the Ionian Islands, Jaw-Dropping Collection, 1940-44. Amazing collection on album pages, all apparently used on piece, with many pairs, etc.; includes Occupation overprints on islands of Cefaloni, Ithaca, Corfu, Zante, etc., along with some Greek Occupation of Albania; various stamps signed, with insanely expensive stamps present; the collector's Sassone catalogue value (if everything is real) is over €1,900,000 (yes, you read that right: almost 2 million Euros!), Very Fine, imaged in full online. Shipping charges apply - weight 2.2 lbs.
Estimate $20,000 - 30,000.

Realized $13,200



 
Lot 80

//o

U.S., Your Stamp Store in a Single Lot. Simply massive stock selection of mint and used singles, plate blocks from #551, Ducks, etc., all in 56 counter books fully identified as to catalogue number, gum, etc.—and priced; the "US over $100" book we found includes a full four-margined #1 with blue cancel, a three-margined #2 with blue "PAID", pretty used #17, an exquisitely centered used #166, mint #226, plate/imprint strips of three, plate blocks, nice Washington-Franklins and Airs; Dues, Ducks, various cut squares, Canal Zone #52b never hinged, etc., etc.; eye-watering value, Fine to Very Fine with better throughout, ex Gottlieb. Shipping charges apply - weight 90.2 lbs.
Scott $91,000+ Estimate $15,000 - 20,000.

Realized $25,200










Daniel F. Kelleher Auctions, LLC
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